Dance or Festival, Havana, Cuba, ca. 1866
The author, who visited Cuba ca. 1866, writes of African-born slaves in Havana and their Sunday festivals. And as all secret assemblies are against the law, these people meet in rooms together, which they call cabildos, or assembly rooms . . . . The visitor need not have the slightest hesitation in entering, for he will always be treated with great respect by those present . . . who are only too happy to have a white audience (p. 196); note musical instruments, banjo, drum.
Samuel Hazard, Cuba with pen and pencil (Hartford, Conn., 1871), p. 196.
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"Dance or Festival, Havana, Cuba, ca. 1866", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed January 26, 2021, http://slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/965