Man Smoking a Pipe, Peru, 1780s
Drawing simply identified as Negro, shows a black man smoking a long stemmed pipe, holding what appears to be a long handled spade. He wears a conical cap, tattered pantaloons, and a chemise or shirt; he may have a storage pouch hanging over his chest. This and hundreds of other drawings were done by unidentified Native Americans during the 1780s and were commissioned by the Spanish Bishop Baltazar Jaime Martinez Companon during his pastoral visit to the region of Trujillo in northern Peru. The drawings, spread over nine volumes, are of Spaniards, Native Americans, plants and animals, as well plans and maps of the region. Only Vol. 2 contains a few pictures of blacks, the index to the volume giving very sparse information on each drawing. (See other images Trujillo on this website.)
Martinez Companon y Bujanda, Trujillo de Peru (Madrid: Ediciones Cultura Hispanica, 1978-1994; facsimile reproduction of manuscripts in the Biblioteca del Palacio Real de Madrid), vol. 2, plate E43
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"Man Smoking a Pipe, Peru, 1780s", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed April 12, 2021, http://slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/696