Slave Coffle, 19th cent.
Published in Anthony Tibbles (ed.), Transatlantic Slavery: Against Human Dignity (London: HMSO, 1994), p.106, fig. 23; the original source is not identified.
Men, women, children linked by wooden yokes and chains; African guards carry guns. This image is also published in James Walvin, An African's Life: The Life and Times of Olaudah Equiano, 1745-1797 (Cassell, 1998, p. 11) which cites the original source as Verney Lovett Cameron, Travels in Central Africa (1873); however, there is no book by that title under Cameron's authorship. The image is also in Walvin's Black Ivory (London, 1992), but no original source is identified. This image is one of several images derived from the original engraving in David and Charles Livingstone, Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and its Tributaries (London, 1865); see image reference C019.
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