Gang of Captives met at Mbame's on their way to Tette
The Livingstone's apparently witnessed this scene in July, 1861, which shows men linked by yokes, children and women attached by chains or ropes, with their African guards armed with guns. Mbame was a village chief, friendly to Livingstone. Tette/Tete, a village on the Zambezi River, located in in the East Central Africa region. This village was the last Portuguese outpost on the Zambezi. David Livingstone (1813–1873) was a famous Scottish physician, Christian missionary, explorer and abolitionist. His interest was to locate the source of the Nile River. His missionary work also reinforced the European “Scramble for Africa” and the colonization of the continent. This image was published not long after the appearance of the New York edition to accompany an article, Livingstone's Last African Expedition (pp. 709-23). See also in Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 32 (Dec. 1865-May 1866), p. 719. The article gives a summary account of the Livingstones' Narrative of an Expedition. The captives shown here were destined for the East African trade. The image and its historical context, as well as sources in which it is found, is discussed at length in Jerome Handler and Annis Steiner, Identifying Pictorial Images of Atlantic Slavery: Three Case Studies, Slavery and Abolition 27 (2006), 52-54. Compare this image with image C017 on this website.
David and Charles Livingstone, Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and its Tributaries; and of the Discovery of the Lakes Shirwa and Nyassa, 1858-1864 (London, 1865), facing p. 356; reprinted (New York, 1866), facing p. 376.
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"Gang of Captives met at Mbame's on their way to Tette", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed September 27, 2022, http://slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/419