Carters Transporting Goods, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1850s
Daniel P. Kidder, Brazil and the Brazilians, portrayed in historical and descriptive sketches (Philadelphia, 1857), p. 28. (Copy in Special Collections Department, University of Virginia Library)
Captioned, The Rio team (now abolished), this illustration shows a group of five stalwart Africans pulling and pushing a dray or low cart heavily loaded with goods that were recently unloaded from a ship. Formerly, the author writes, all this labor was performed by human hands, and scarcely a cart or a dray was used in the city, unless . . . it was drawn by Negroes. Carts and wagons propelled by horse-power are now quite common . . . (p. 29). The same illustration appears in later editions of this work, e.g., 1866 (6th ed.), 1879 (9th ed.).
Kidder, Daniel P.
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