Enslaved Africans in a Coffle, Eastern Sudan, 1848


L'Illustration (Paris), Vol. 27, 1856, p. 369


Captioned, Habitants de Kery réduits a l'esclavage par le gourverneur des provinces égyptiennes (The inhabitants of Kery reduced to slavery by the governor of the Egyptian provinces), this illustration accompanies a lengthy excerpt from Pierre Trémaux, Voyages au Soudan oriental et dans l'Afrique septentrionale, exécuté de 1847 a 1854 (Paris, 1852-58). Shows several enslaved Africans guarded by two rifle-armed men, one on a camel, the other on a donkey; what appears to be an elephant's tusk (ivory) is lashed to the latter. The enslaved African on the right, lashed to the camel by a rope, is also forced to carry a tusk, while the other enslaved African is lashed to the camel by means of a wooden yoke, the so-called Goree, or Slave-Stick. Lithograph made from a drawing done in the field by Trémaux. In the plates accompanying Trémaux's work (plate 48), the fuller caption to this illustration indicates these enslaved Africans were sent to Egypt in 1848. Although the Ottomans, who nominally controlled Egypt, abolished the slave trade in 1846, enslaved Africans continued to be brought into Egypt from the Sudan for many years afterwards.

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