African Slaves Say the Catholic Rosary, Peru, 1600-1615
Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala [Guaman Poma], El primer nueva coronica y buen gobierno; edited by John Murra and Rolena Adorno with translations from Quechua by Jorge L. Urioste (Mexico, 1980; a facsimile edition),Vol. 2, p. 663.
Title of drawing, translated: Devout black Christians from the stock of unacculturated black slaves from Africa ('Guinea') say the rosary before an image of the Virgin Mary; shows a man (left) and woman, in full clothing, kneeling before an image of the Virgin Mary. Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala was a native Andean from southern Peru who addressed his lengthy critique of Spanish colonial rule to King Philip III of Spain. It was written between 1600 and 1615, and is composed of 1,200 pages, including 398 full-page drawings seven of which show blacks or Africans. The original manuscript is in the Danish Royal Library (Copenhagen); a complete and searchable digital facsimile, which includes the drawings, is available on the Internet as The Guaman Poma Website. The title translations we use are taken fromthe website. The drawing is in Chapter 25, image 275, of the original manuscript. (See Frederick P. Bowser, The African Slave in Colonial Peru, 1524-1650 [Stanford University Press, 1974], passim, for the historical context of this drawing.)
Guaman Poma de Ayala, Felipe
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