Carrying a Sedan Chair or Palanquin, Ile De France (Mauritius), 1818
Louis de Freycinet, Voyage Autour du Monde: entrepris par ordre du roi . . . pendant les années 1817, 1818, 1819 et 1820 . . . Atlas Historique par M[onsieu]rs. J. Arago, A Pellion etc. (Paris, 1825), plate 10 (copy in Firestone Library, Rare Books, Princeton University).
Caption: Ile de France: Palanquin. Shows four men (slaves?) carrying a palanquin or covered litter; on the right, a man is being shaved by a barber by the side of what appears to be a wood plank house. The palanquin is described in the list of plates as a sorte de voiture sans roues, a l'usage des colons riches du pays. Vue prise a l'ile de France. (A type of carriage/coach used by the rich [white] colonists of this country.) This engraving was published in an elaborate Atlas of 112 plates, some in color, based on drawings made by various artists during a French geographical expedition in the early nineteenth century; the expedition visited Ile de France in May 1818. (The Atlas accompanies a multi-volume account of the expedition, and is sometimes cataloged under the authorship of Ministere de la Marine et des Colonies [France], rather than Freycinet, the commander of the expedition. ) Ile de France, in the Indian Ocean, was renamed Mauritius, its current name, when the British captured the island from the French in 1810. See other images of the palanquin on this website.
de Freycinet, Louis
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