Sugar Works and Plantation, Pernambuco, Brazil, ca. 1640


Joan Blaeu, Atlas maior, sive Geographia Blaviana (Amsterdam, 1662), vol. 11, between pp. 243 and 245. (Copy in Special Collections Department, University of Virginia Library; also, The John Carter Brown Library at Brown University)


Captioned Praefecturae Paranambucae pars Borealis, this inset from a map of Brazil (ca. 1640) by Frans Post and Georg Marggraf shows slaves engaged in various tasks of sugar manufacture and, in the center, a group of slaves is transporting a planter's wife in a hammock, a ubiquitous mode of transport for Brazil's wealthier whites. Also shown are various plantation buildings, including the manor house or great house and a vertical roller sugar mill powered by water. First published in Joan Blaeu's Rerum per octennium in Brasilia et alibi nuper gestarum . . . Historia (Amsterdam, 1647). Compare with image NW0062 on this website. (Thanks to Blanche Ebeling-Koning, of the JCB, for her assistance in describing this item).

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