Habitation de nègres
"Negro Houses" (caption translation). This engraving shows a house nestled in a jungle with a person fixing a fence out front. Benoit described how "each slave has a small house, of 9 to 10 feet high and 10 to 12 feet in diameter, with a door and a small window. Furnishings consist of one or two beds, raised about a half a foot from the ground. The house is made of bamboos on which there is a matting without a cross bar. Slaves usually cover themselves with a wool blanket, and since they are very sensitive to the nighttime dampness they make a fire in the middle of their hut which is tightly closed" (p. 53). Pierre Jacques Benoit (1782-1854) was a Belgian artist, who visited the Dutch colony of Suriname on his own initiative for several months in 1831. He stayed in Paramaribo, but visited plantations, maroon communities and indigenous villages inland.
"Figure 50" in Pierre Jacques Benoit, Voyage à Surinam; description des possessions néerlandaises dans la Guyane (Bruxelles: Société des Beaux-Arts de Wasme et Laurent, 1839).
Benoit, Pierre Jacques
Image is in the public domain. Metadata is available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International.
"Habitation de nègres", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed July 4, 2020, http://slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/2321