John Canoe (Jonkonnu, JonKanoo) Costume, Jamaica, 1837
Isaac Mendes Belisario, Sketches of character, in illustration of the habits, occupation, and costume of the Negro population, in the island of Jamaica: drawn after nature, and in lithography (Kingston, Jamaica: published by the artist, at his residence, 1837-1838).
Captioned, Jaw-Bone, or House John-Canoe, Belisario writes that along with Koo-Koo, or Actor Boy [see image reference Belisario03] this is the most conspicuous of those who annually attract public notice. He dresses in a pseudo military style and in common with the whole John Canoe fraternity, he is always masked with a profusion of dark hair, which is suffered to fall in large wild ringlets over his face and shoulders, giving his appearance an extraordinary and savage air . . . The house is usually constructed of pasteboard and colored papers,
Belisario, Isaac Mendes
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