Gold Mining, Brazil, 1850s


Ballou's Pictorial (Sept. 29, 1855), p. 208 (bottom)


Caption, Gold works of Itacolumi, Brazil--Gold Washing. To the left a party of slaves is catching the gold dust by immersing fleeces in the running water; on the right, two other slaves are beating out the dust from a fleece into a large wooden dish placed on the ground to receive it; behind them a European is weighing the gold dust in scales, and men and women are seen bringing down pieces of quartz containing gold to be broken up by others (p. 208). A somewhat different version of this image was published in the French publication Magasin Pittoresque (1841, p. 161) with the caption Lavage de l'or, au Bresil; this image, in turn, according to Magasin Pittoresque, was derived from Johann Moritz Rugendas, Voyage Pittoresque dans le Bresil (Paris, 1835).

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