Annamaboe Castle, Gold Coast, late 17th cent.


Thomas Astley (ed.), A New General Collection of Voyages and Travels (London, 1745-47), vol. 2, plate 64, facing p. 608. (Copy in Special Collections, University of Virginia Library)


View from the sea; places identified by letters are the landing place; port within ye rocks; and entry of ye port. Annamaboe was a major English slaving station on the Gold Coast during the 17th century. In the 1690s, an account of the Royal African Company's forts in West Africa reported that the facilities at Annamaboe included twelve great guns . . . . a large tank or cistern . . . and a Negroe-house for one hundred and fifty Negroes. This fort . . . opens a trade . . . for gold, corn, palm-oyl and oyster-shells; also a very great trade for slaves (A Particular of the Royal African Company's Forts and Castles in Africa [London, ca. 1698]). By the 1770s, it was reported that almost every room in the fort is in a rotten, ruinous condition . . . very little slave trade at present (Extracts from an account of the state of the British forts, on the Gold Coast of Africa [London, 1778]). This illustration appears in Awnsham and John Churchill, A Collection of Voyages (London, 1732; vol. 5, plate 13, p. 176) in the translation of Barbot's late 17th century account.

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