This image depicts a woman kneeling over grinding stone from the Great Lakes region. Livingstone described how "the mill consists of a block [of stone]. . . with a piece of quartz or other hard rock about the size of a half brick, one side of which has a convex surface, and fits into a concave hollow in the larger and stationary stone. The workwoman kneeling, grasps this upper millstone with both hands, and works it backwards and forwards in the hollow of the lower millstone" (Livingstone, pp. 543-44). David Livingstone (1813–1873) was a famous Scottish physician, Christian missionary, explorer and abolitionist. His interest was to locate the source of the Nile River. His missionary work also reinforced the European “Scramble for Africa” and the colonization of the continent. The same image, albeit reversed, is printed in Frank Leslie's Boy's and Girl's Weekly (1869), vol. 5, no. 122, p. 285.
David and Charles Livingstone, Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and its Tributaries; and of the Discovery of the Lakes Shirwa and Nyassa, 1858-1864 (London, 1865; reprinted New York, 1866), facing p. 543.
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"Woman Grinding", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed September 25, 2022, http://slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/1696