Field Gang at Work, Martinique, 1826
Caption, Negres au Travail (blacks at work). Shows men and women with long-handled hoes, guarded by overseers with whips. The slaves are called to work by the plantation bell at 6 in the morning, each person takes his hoe to the field under the supervision of overseers, either European or Creole; in a single line, they work in unison while chanting some African work song; the overseers occasionally use the whip to increase the work pace; at 11 the bell sounds, they take a meal, then resume their work until 6 in the evening (p. 26).
Alcide Dessalines d'Orbigny, Voyage pittoresque dans les deux Amèriques...(Paris, 1836), facing p. 22, fig. 4. (Copy in Special Collections Department, University of Virginia Library)
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"Field Gang at Work, Martinique, 1826", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed January 18, 2021, http://slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/1148