Plantation Driver, Jamaica, 1840s
Captioned, Planter, attended by Negro driver, shows the latter holding the whip that was the ubiquitous symbol of authority. The author, a Baptist missionary, had resided in Jamaica since 1823; although this scene is post-emancipation it is evocative of the later slave period (which ended in 1834-38).
James M. Phillippo, Jamaica: its past and present state (London, 1843), p. 120.
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"Plantation Driver, Jamaica, 1840s ", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed April 13, 2021, http://slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/1035