Transporting a Planter's Wife in a Hammock, Brazil, 1816

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Image Reference

Henry Koster, Travels in Brazil (London, 1816), facing title page. (Copy in the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University; also Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-97218 [in b/w])

Caption, "A Planter and his Wife on a Journey." Two slaves carrying a covered hammock while the planter rides his horse; a slave woman carrys their baggage on her head. The Brazilian scholar, Gilberto Freyre writes: "Within their hammocks and palanquins the gentry permitted themselves to be carried about by Negroes for whole days at a time, some of them travelling in this manner from one plantation to another . . . . Nearly all [slaveholders] travelled by hammock . . ." (The Masters and the Slaves [New York, 1956], pp. 409-410, 428). In the 2nd ed. (London, 1817), all images are in b/w. The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation (Williamsburg, Virginia) also has a copy of this print.