Transporting a Planter in a Hammock, Brazil, 1816-1831

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Image Reference

Jean Baptiste Debret, Voyage Pittoresque et Historique au Bresil (Paris, 1834-39), vol. 2, plate 15, p. 59. (Copy in the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University)

Caption, "retour a la ville d'un proprietere de chacra" (a landowner/planter of Chacra returns to town). The Brazilian scholar, Gilberto Freyre, writes: "Within their hammocks and palanquins the gentry permitted themselves to be carried about by Negroes for whole days at a time, some of them travelling in this manner from one plantation to another . . . . Nearly all [slaveholders] travelled by hammock . . ." (The Masters and the Slaves [New York, 1956], pp. 409-410, 428). The engravings in this book were taken from drawings made by Debret during his residence in Brazil from 1816 to 1831. For watercolors by Debret of scenes in Brazil, some of which were incorporated into his Voyage Pittoresque, see Jean Baptiste Debret, Viagem Pitoresca e Historica ao Brasil (Editora Itatiaia Limitada, Editora da Universidade de Sao Paulo, 1989; a reprint of the 1954 Paris edition, edited by R. De Castro Maya).