Carrying a Sedan Chair (Palanquin), Brazil, 1816

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Image Reference

Henry Koster, Travels in Brazil (London, 1816), facing p. 188. (Copy in the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University; also, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-97215 [b/w])

Caption, "A lady going to visit". The Brazilian scholar, Gilberto Freyre writes: "Within their hammocks and palanquins the gentry permitted themselves to be carried about by Negroes for whole days at a time, some of them travelling in this manner from one plantation to another, while others employed this mode of transport in the streets; when acquaintenances met, it was the custom to draw up alongside one another and hold a conversation" (The Masters and the Slaves [New York, 1956], pp. 409-410, 428). (In the 2nd ed. [London, 1817], all images are in b/w.)