Carrying a Sedan Chair (Palanquin), Brazil, 1853

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Image Reference

Harper's New Monthly Magazine (1853), vol. 7, p. 731. (Copy in Special Collections Department, University of Virginia Library)

Caption, "Brazilian Sedan"; two formally attired males carrying the palanquin, followed by several females. The Brazilian scholar, Gilberto Freyre writes: "Within their hammocks and palanquins the gentry permitted themselves to be carried about by Negroes for whole days at a time, some of them travelling in this manner from one plantation to another, while others employed this mode of transport in the streets; when acquaintenances met, it was the custom to draw up alongside one another and hold a conversation" (The Masters and the Slaves [New York, 1956], pp. 409-410, 428).