Sugar Works and Plantation, Pernambuco, Brazil, ca. 1640

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Image Reference

Joan Blaeu, Atlas maior, sive Geographia Blaviana (Amsterdam, 1662), vol. 11, between pp. 243 and 245. (Copy in Special Collections Department, University of Virginia Library; also, The John Carter Brown Library at Brown University)

Captioned "Praefecturae Paranambucae pars Borealis," this inset from a map of Brazil (ca. 1640) by Frans Post and Georg Marggraf shows slaves engaged in various tasks of sugar manufacture and, in the center, a group of slaves is transporting a planter's wife in a hammock, a ubiquitous mode of transport for Brazil's wealthier whites. Also shown are various plantation buildings, including the "manor house" or "great house" and a vertical roller sugar mill powered by water. First published in Joan Blaeu's "Rerum per octennium in Brasilia et alibi nuper gestarum . . . Historia" (Amsterdam, 1647). Compare with image NW0062 on this website. (Thanks to Blanche Ebeling-Koning, of the JCB, for her assistance in describing this item).