Sugar Plantation Mill Yard, Cuba, 1853

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Image Reference

Harper's New Monthly Magazine (January 1853), vol. 6, p. 167 (Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs LC-USZ62-104422)

Captioned, "A Sugar Estate," in the vicinity of Guanajay. Shows the slave houses on the left, owner's mansion in center, steam-powered sugar mill on the right; slaves are carrying canes to the mill. Accompanies an article, "Three Weeks in Cuba, by an artist," wherein the author describes his visit to this estate and the buildings involved in sugar manufacture; he also describes the process of sugar manufacture as well as the treatment of the enslaved. The sugar harvest season, he writes, is one of "severe labor for the negroes, and many of them compelled to work at least eighteen hours each day, suffer much from being overtasked. The larger portion of the active slaves are natives of Africa . . . .The lash is laid on without a stint, for the most trivial offenses, and often only as a spur to labor " (p. 168). LOC has inscribed on photo "HM vol. 6-1852," but this is an error; the vol. date is 1853. See also image reference Album-26.