Montpelier Plantation, St. James Parish, Jamaica, 1820-21

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This record was last updated on 11 May 2016

Image Reference

James Hakewill, A Picturesque Tour of the Island of Jamaica, from Drawings Made in the Years 1820 and 1821 (London, 1825; reprinted, Kingston, Jamaica and San Francisco, 1990), plate 19. (Copy in Archives and Special Collections, Univ. of Miami Library)

The slave houses and settlement are shown in upper right, amidst trees and behind the sugar boiling house (with chimney). Hakewill was a British architectural and topographical draftsman. Several of his works are shown elsewhere on this website, and others relating to Jamaica can be found in T. Barringer, G. Forrester, and B. Martinez-Ruiz, Art and Emancipation in Jamaica: Isaac Mendes Belisario and his Worlds (New Haven : Yale Center for British Art in association with Yale University Press, 2007), passim. The Yale publication reproduces an 1833 lithograph by Adolph Duperly (p. 57) which is clearly based on this scene by Hakewill. Titled, "The attack of the rebels on Montpelier Old Works Estate," with minor variations it is essentially the same scene but now, rather than the two horse-mounted whites in the foreground, it shows many slaves engaged in various activities from burning cane fields to mounting an assault on the plantation's front gate; it is a portrayal of the famous 1832 slave rebellion (see also, image reference NW0087).