Sugar Factory, Plantation Santa Susana, Cuba, 1857

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Image Reference

Justo German Cantero, Los ingenios: coleccion de vistas de los principales ingenios de azucar de la Isla de Cuba (Havana, 1857); reprinted Barcelona, 1984, edited by Levi Marrero.

Shows interior of factory; enslaved in foreground are feeding sugar cane refuse into the furnaces. The accompanying text gives information on location, ownership, technical features of sugar production and similar data. The plantation had 632 enslaved laborers, plus 20 Chinese, and 34 "Yucatecos". These people were housed in two barracks of 3.55 square meters each. The image shown here is from the 1984 reprint which only reproduces, on a smaller scale, 13 of the 28 colored lithographs found in the original 1857 edition; images in the latter can be viewed on the British Library website, "Images Online."