Sugar Factory, Plantation Flor de Cuba, Cuba, 1857

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Image Reference

Justo German Cantero, Los ingenios: coleccion de vistas de los principales ingenios de azucar de la Isla de Cuba (Havana, 1857); reprinted Barcelona, 1984, edited by Levi Marrero.

Shows interior of sugar factory with machinery and slaves engaged in various tasks including boiling in large vats. The accompany text gives information on location, ownership, technical features of sugar production and similar data. In 1857, the plantation had 409 enslaved Africans and 179 (paid) Chinese laborers. The image shown here is from the 1984 reprint which only reproduces, on a smaller scale, 13 of the 28 colored lithographs found in the original 1857 edition; images in the latter can be viewed on the British Library website, "Images Online."