Sugar Factory, Plantation La Ponina, Cuba, 1857

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Image Reference

Justo German Cantero, Los ingenios: coleccion de vistas de los principales ingenios de azucar de la Isla de Cuba (Havana, 1857); reprinted Barcelona, 1984, edited by Levi Marrero.

Shows interior of sugar factory with enslaved workers at various tasks; they are dressed in white shirts and trousers. The accompanying text gives information on location, ownership, technical features of sugar production and similar data. The plantation had 500 laborers, including enslaved Africans and wage-laboring Chinese; these groups were housed separately, the slaves in a barracks of about 7.1 square meters. The image shown here is from the 1984 reprint which only reproduces, on a smaller scale, 13 of the 28 colored lithographs found in the original 1857 edition; images in the latter can be viewed on the British Library website, "Images Online."