Sugar Mill, French West Indies, ca. 1700

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Image Reference

Jean Baptiste Labat, Nouveau Voyage aux Isles de l'Amerique (Paris, 1722), vol. 3, between pp. 222 and 223. (Copies located in the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University and Department of Special Collections, University of Virginia Library)

Cross section of horse-drawn sugar mill ("Comble de Moulin"), with vertical rollers, showing major parts indicated by letters, e.g., N, "bras de moulin" (arms of the mill); O, "chevaux qui tirent le moulin" (horses that pull the mill). A very similar image, perhaps based on the drawing in Labat, is found in Denis Diderot, Encyclopédie, ou, Dictionnaire Raisonné des Sciences, des Arts et des Metiers . . . Recueil de Planches, sur les Sciences . . . (Paris, 1762), vol. 1, plate 2, fig. 1; details on the illustration are given in the section treating agriculture. The same illustration published in Labat was later published in Philippe Fermin, Nieuwe Algemeene Beschryving van de Colonie van Suriname (Harlingen, 1770), vol. 2., where it is identified as a mill in Suriname.