Tobacco Planters and Slaves, Barbados, 17th cent.

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Image Reference

Carel Allard, Orbis Habitabilis Oppida et Vestitus (Amsterdam [1680?]), number 88. (see comments)

Copper plate engraving, titled "Engelse Quakers en Tabak Planters aende Barbados" [English Quakers and Tobacco Planters in Barbados],shows European woman and man, slaves carrying goods on heads, houses and shipping in background. This print is apparently based upon an earlier engraving depicting New Amsterdam in which the foreground figures have been retained but the background has been altered. However, this engraving is not a realistic portrayal of the Barbadian landscape. The Library of Congress tentatively dates its copy of Allard at 1698 and the British Library at 1680. There are colored copies of the, print dating from a later period. For details on this print and various versions of it, see Stokes and Haskell, American Historical Prints (New York, 1932), p. 9; also, I. N. Stokes, Iconography of Manhattan (1915, vol. 1, pp. 140-42), C. E. LeGear, A List of Geographical Atlases in the Library of Congress (Washington, D.C. 1958), vol. 5, pp. 5-6. Whatever the year of publication, during the mid-to-late 17th century, Barbados had a relatively large Quaker community which included many slaveholders; before the island's "sugar revolution" in the mid-17th cent. tobacco was an important cash crop. (A black/white photograph of this print was given to Handler by Mr. George Hunte of Barbados in 1968. Hunte had purchased an undated colored copy from the London bookseller, Francis Edwards.)