Tobacco and Manioc/Cassava Preparation, French West Indies, 1667

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Image Reference

Jean Baptiste DuTertre, Histoire Générale des Antilles habitées par les Francois (Paris, 1667), vol. 2, p. 419. (Copy in the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University)

Titled "Ménagerie," the engraving illustrates the yard of a large farm or plantation, showing various steps in the processing of tobacco and manioc with enslaved men and women performing the tasks. The captions underneath are linked to numbers on the engraving. Tobacco is depicted with its 1) storage shed, and processing the leaf by 2) stripping, 3) twisting or rolling, and 4) hanging it to dry. The manioc plant is 5) scraped, 6) grated by a hand powered mill (7 shows the old method of grating), and 8) pressed in the device shown here; 9) depicts the flour being sifted and 10) cooked or baked into cassava bread, and 13) the bread drying. Also shown are 12) the kitchen, 14) the sugar apple tree (custard apple, sour sop, etc.) [ "corassole" on the image and "corosol" in the text], and, in the center background 11) the master's house.