Plantation Driver, Jamaica, 1840s

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This record was last updated on 02 Mar 2012

Image Reference

James M. Phillippo, Jamaica: its past and present state (London, 1843), p. 120.

Captioned, "Planter, attended by Negro driver," shows the latter holding the whip that was the ubiquitous symbol of authority. The author, a Baptist missionary, had resided in Jamaica since 1823; although this scene is post-emancipation it is evocative of the later slave period (which ended in 1834-38).