Slave Market, Pernambuco, Brazil, early 1820s

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This record was last updated on 10 May 2012

Image Reference

Maria Graham [Lady Maria Callcott], Journal of a Voyage to Brazil, and Residence there during . . . 1821, 1822, 1823 (London, 1824), opposite p. 107. (Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-97202)

Engraving captioned, "Gate & Slave Market at Pernambuco" (Alternate title in list of plates is "View of Count Maurice's Gate at Pernambuco, with the slave market"). Street scene shows slaves waiting to be sold, surrounded by Europeans. The engraving is derived from a painting made by the English artist Augustus Earle (1793-1838) who lived in Rio de Janeiro in 1820-1824. The 1824 Royal Academy annual exhibition catalogue identifies this painting as: "Gate of Pernambuco, in Brazil, with new negroes. The police ordering the slaves to be housed, on account of an attack made on one of the out-posts by the patriots, in 1821. Painted in Brazil. Augustus Earle, Esq. H[onorary]." During his stay in Brazil, Earle executed a number of works focusing on slavery (thanks to Sarah Thomas for her assistance; see Earle, on this website).