Enslaved African, East Africa, 1874

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Image Reference

Verney Lovett Cameron, Across Africa (New York, 1877), p. 309.

Caption, "Warua slave-driver and slave," shows a captive African woman, with a mask over her head walking in front of a Warua male, with a spear. The image is not described in the text, but it appears the mask is attached to some sort of line which winds around the waist of the slave driver and then attaches to the wrist of the captive female. Based on observations made in November, 1874, among the Warua, a group in Tanganyika. (see pp. 306-309).