Musicians and Their Instruments, Central Africa, 1858-64

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Image Reference

David and Charles Livingstone, Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and its Tributaries; and of the Discovery of the Lakes Shirwa and Nyassa, 1858-1864 (London, 1865), facing p. 63. (Copy in Special Collections Department, University of Virginia Library)

Shows women (some with pottery vessels) and children listening to three musicians playing their instruments, the "marimba" (or balafon), "sansa" and pan pipes. "A band of native musicians came to our camp one evening . . . and treated us with . . . music on the marimba, an instrument formed of bars of hard wood of varying breadth and thickness, laid on different-sized hollow calabashes, and tuned to give notes..." (Livingstone, p. 63).