An African Slave Flogs a Peruvian Indian, Peru, 1600-1615

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Image Reference

Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala [Guaman Poma], El primer nueva coronica y buen gobierno; edited by John Murra and Rolena Adorno with translations from Quechua by Jorge L. Urioste (Mexico, 1980; a facsimile edition), Vol. 2, p. 464.

Title of drawing, translated: "The royal administrator orders an African slave to flog an Indian magistrate for collecting a tribute that falls two eggs short"; shows African slave on left wielding a whip in one hand and in the other holding onto a rope by which the Indian is tied to a (stone?) column (see also image Guaman796). Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala was a native Andean from southern Peru who addressed his lengthy critique of Spanish colonial rule to King Philip III of Spain. It was written between 1600 and 1615, and is composed of 1,200 pages, including 398 full-page drawings seven of which show blacks or Africans. The original manuscript is in the Danish Royal Library (Copenhagen); a complete and searchable digital facsimile, which includes the drawings, is available on the Internet as "The Guaman Poma Website." The title translations we use are taken from the website. The drawing is in Chapter 21, image 202, of the original manuscript. (See Frederick P. Bowser, The African Slave in Colonial Peru, 1524-1650 [Stanford University Press, 1974], passim, for the historical context of this drawing.)