Collar and Chain to Prevent Escape, Brazil, 1846

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Image Reference

Thomas Ewbank, Life in Brazil (New York, 1856), p. 277. (Copy in Special Collections Department, University of Virginia Library)

"While waiting for [an acquaintance] . . . a dozen at least of butcher's slaves went past in the course of an hour with crushing loads of fresh-killed beef. . . . One poor fellow had a collar, and a chain extending from it to an ankle . . . . Other slaves went by, awfully crippled in their feet and legs; among them two women, lame with elephantiasis . . . .The right leg of one was really almost as large as her waist" (Ewbank, p. 277). The author spent about seven months in Brazil in 1846.