Water Carriers, Brazil, 1820s

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Image Reference

Maria Graham [Lady Maria Callcott], Journal of a voyage to Brazil and residence there, during part of the years 1821, 1822, 1823 (London, 1824), p. 217. (Copy in the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University)

Caption, "convicts carrying water at Rio de Janeiro"; 3 men in chains with water buckets on their heads; guard carries a sword. Note, tobacco pipes.